BBA 1st Year Environmental Studies Notes

BBA 1st Year Environmental Studies Notes

BBA 1st Year Environmental Studies Notes

BBA 1st Year Environmental Studies Notes

Environmental Studies Contents 

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Unit 1 :          The Multidisciplinary Nature Of Environmental Studies : Definition, Scope and importance, need for public awareness.

Unit 2 :          Natural Resources : Renewable and Non-renewable Resources : Natural resources and Associated problems.

  • Forest Resources : Use and over-exploitation, Deforestation, Case studies, Timber Extraction, mining, Dams and their effects on Forests and Tribal people.
  • Water Resources : Use and Over-utilisation of surface and Ground water, Floods, Drought, Conflicts over water, Dams-benefits and problems.-
  • Mineral Resources : Use and Exploitations, Environmental effects of extracting and Using mineral resources, case studies.
  • Food Resources : World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and Overgrasing, Effects of modern agriculture, Fertilizer-pesticide, problems : Water logging, salinity, Case studies.
  • Energy Resources : Growing energy needs, Renewable and Non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, Case Studies.
  • Land Resources : Land as a resource, Land degradation, Man induced landslides, Soil erosion and Densification.

Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources.

Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

Unit 3 :          Ecosystems : Concept of an ecosystem. Structure and function of an ecosystem. Producers,  Consumers and Decomposers. Energy flow in the ecosystem. Ecological succession. Food chains, Food webs and Ecological pyramids.

Introduction, Types, Characteristic features, Structure and function of an ecosystem : (a) Forest ecosystem, (b) Grassland ecosystem, (c) Desert ecosystem, (d) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries).

Unit 4 :          Biodiversity and its Conservation : Introduction, Definition : Genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. Biogeographical classification of India. Value of biodiversity : Consumptive use, productive use, social ethical, Aesthetic and Option values. Biodiversity at global, National and local levels. India as a mega-diversity nation. Hot-spots of biodiversity. Threats to biodiversity : Habitat loss, Poaching of wildlife, Man-wildlife conflicts. Endangered and Endemic species of India. Conservation of biodiversity : In-situ and Ex-sity conservation of biodiversity.

Unit 5 :          Environmental Pollution :  Definition, Causes, Effects and Control measures of : (a) Air pollution, (b) Water pollution, (c) Soil pollution, (d) Marine pollution, (e) Noise pollution, (f) Thermal pollution, (g) Nuclear hazards.

Solid waste management : Causes, Effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. Role of an individual in prevention of pollution, Pollution case studies. Disaster management : Floods, Earthquake, Cyclone and Landslides.

Unit 6 :          Social Issues and the Environment : From Unsustainable to sustainable development. Urban problems related to energy. Water conservation, Rain water harvesting, Watershed management. Resettlement and Rehabilitation of people : Its problems and Concerns. Case studies. Environmental Ethics : Issues and Possible solutions. Climate change. Global warming. Acid rain, Ozone layer deletion, Nuclear accidents and Holocaust. Case studies. Wasteland reclamation. Consumerism and Waste products. Environment protection Act. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. Water (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act. Wildlife Protection Act. Forest Conservation Act. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation. Public awareness.

All Units Of Environmental Studies

BBA Environmental Studies Questions Unit 1
BBA Environmental Studies Questions Unit 2
BBA Environmental Studies Questions Unit 3
BBA Environmental Studies Questions Unit 4
BBA Environmental Studies Question Unit 5
BBA Environmental Studies Questions Unit 6
BBA 1st year Environmental Studies Examination Papers
BBA Mock Papers Environmental Studies Last 3 years

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